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FUNGUS PROJECT

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Phylum: Zygomycota | Phylum: Basidiomycota | Phylum:Oomycota | Phylum: Ascomycota | Phylum: Deuteromycota
Phylum: Basidiomycota
gymnosporangium.jpg

The above picture shows the gymnosporangium fungus developing on some leaves.  This fungus is part of the Basidiomycota Pylum, also known as club fungi. 

Name: Lycoperdon mistecorum (aka. Puffball)
 
 
Characteristics:  These large fungi have complex life cycles.To reproduce basidiospores produce haploid primary basidia then opposite mating types fuse to make secondary mycelia which have two nuclei. The fungi then grows underground until the environment is right for fruiting bodies to grow. Then, the two nuclei fuse in the fruiting body to produce diploid cell which is then ejected though the ostiole.

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Lycoperdons have a unique way of spreading spores. The sporocap is sensitive to physical conact, so if anything from a raindrop to a passing animal touches the lycoperdon thousands of spores are released forcibly.

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Lycoperdon

Environment: Lycoperdon live underground in wooded and moist areas and produce fruiting bodies on the surface which are either solitary or clustered. Lycoperdons are terrestrial fungi.

Adaptations to the Environment: Lycoperdon mistecorum remains underground until the right mixture of nutrients and moisture occurs in the environment. It also uses the physical contact of it's surrounding to spread spores.

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Medical role: This fungus has been used as a hallucinogen for hundreds of years in south America. It puts the user in a state of half sleep.

Ecological role: Lycoperdons are huge decomposers of soil and produce an enzyme which decomposes wood.

Sources found at :www.mykoweb.com/CAF/species/Lycoperdon_perlatum.html , www.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life/fungi/gasteromycetes/ lycoperdaceae/lycoperdon/, www.hiddenforest.co.nz/fungi/family/ lycoperdaceae/lycoperdaceae.htm , and www.bioimages.org.uk/HTML/T2267.HTM